Dr. Jeffrey Rop

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Professional title

Assistant Professor


Jeffrey Rop completed his Ph.D. in History and Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies from Pennsylvania State University in 2013. His research focuses on the military and political history of Greece and Achaemenid Persia in the fifth and fourth centuries BCE, while his courses at UMD cover the history of the ancient Mediterranean, the ancient Near East, and world history to 1500.


Greek Military Service in the Ancient Near East, 401-330 BCE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming 2019. Link to Preview.

"The Phocian Betrayal at Thermopylae." Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte. Forthcoming 2019. Link to announcement.

"The Outbreak of the Rebellion of Cyrus the Younger." Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 59 (2019), 57-85. Link to download.

"The Assassination of Tissaphernes: Royal Responses to Military Defeat in the Achaemenid Empire." In Brill's Companion to Military Defeat in Ancient Mediterranean Society, edited by Jessica H. Clark and Brian Turner, 51-73. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Link to Preview.

"The Historical Context of the Reply to the Satraps Inscription (IG IV 556)." Journal of Ancient History 5 (2017), 304-322. Link to download (subscription required).

“Reconsidering the Origin of the Scythed Chariot.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 62 (2013), 167-181. Link to download from JSTOR.

Courses Offered:

HIST 1200: World History to 1500 CE

This course surveys world history from the emergence and development of isolated settlements to the earliest trans-oceanic interactions in the sixteenth century.  It will also introduce students to the various sources and analytic techniques historians use to reconstruct the pre-modern past.  Major themes include the social, political, religious, and economic ramifications of intercultural exchange and conflict in the ancient and medieval periods.

HIST 3035: Ancient Warfare

This course surveys the history and historiography of warfare in the ancient Near East and Mediterranean world. Students will evaluate whether there was a distinctive “Western” way of war in antiquity by critically assessing a wide range of ancient source material and modern scholarship on different aspects of military conflict, from traditional military history to alternative approaches that seek to make sense of conflict through lenses like gender, ethnicity, religion, defeat, psychology, cost and labor, and counter-factual analysis.

HIST 3055: The Bible & the Ancient Near East

This course surveys the history of the Ancient Near East from the invention of writing ca. 3500 to the fall of the Achaemenid Empire in 330 BCE. Special attention is given to the study of the Hebrew Bible in its archaeological and historical contexts. 

HIST 3133: Ancient Greece
This course surveys the history of Greece from the Bronze Age to the end of the Classical period. Our central theme is the emergence of Greece within the broader context of the Mediterranean and Near East. Reading literature produced by a variety of ancient authors, we examine how early mythical and historical conflicts contributed to the development of a collective Greek identity, trace the continued evolution of Greek relationships with the outside world during the height of the Classical era, and evaluate Alexander the Great’s Panhellenic rhetoric against the reality of his Greek and Persian conquests. 

HIST 3141: Ancient Rome
This course traces the development of Rome from its Republican origins to the disintegration of its Empire in the West. Reassessing the traditional academic and popular narratives of Roman imperial expansion and decline, students explore Roman history from a diverse set of social, cultural, and political perspectives.